There is a specter haunting the Catholic world, whose name is “integralism.” The term “integralism” has been used in recent years by Catholic thinkers who want to reassert the Church’s teaching on the superiority of the spiritual power to that of the temporal power, and the rights of the Church over society. Some Catholic thinkers have even brought this term into American political debate on the Right. Some have decried this trend as a resurgence of theocracy or even of fascism. In this episode, I will discuss the historical origins of “integralism” in 19th century Spain and early 20th century France, before discussing its relevance for the Church today.
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